The Royal Palace of Naples is a palace and now a museum. It was one of the 4 residences near Naples used by the House of Bourbon during their rule of the Kingdom of Naples (1735–1816) and later the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816-1861). The others were the palaces of Caserta, Capodimonte overlooking Naples and Portici on the slopes of Vesuvius.
Statues of kings of Naples
In 1888, King Umberto I of Savoy made changes to the western façade side of the building (fronting on Piazza del Plebiscito), by displaying in niches a series of statues of prominent rulers of Naples since the foundation of the Kingdom of Naples in the 12th century. The statues are displayed in chronological order, based on the separate dynasty of each ruler.
The series starts with Roger the Norman, and ends with Vittorio Emanuele II, the tallest statue and the last to be added. The other figures represent:
Frederick II Hohenstaufen (by Emanuele Caggiano)
Charles I of Anjou (sculpted by Tommaso Solari)Alfonse of Aragon (sculpted by Achille D’Orsi)
Emperor Charles V (sculpted by Vincenzo Groan)
Charles III of Spain (sculpted by Raffaele Belliazzi)
Joachim Murat (sculpted by Giovanni Battista Amendola)
None of the statues refers to the Bourbon dynasty, not even Charles of Bourbon, who is actually engraved with the name of Charles III.
Frederick II (Holy Roman Emperor)
Charles I of Anjou
Alfonso V of Aragon (Alfonso I of Naples)